Get to know the Federal Justice system

The Federal Justice is part of the Judicial Branch of the Union, and its structure is provided for the Constitution.

The Federal Justice system deals with matters involving, as plaintiffs or defendants, the Federal Government, its autonomous agencies, foundations and public companies, as well as issues of interest to the Federation, as provided for in Article 109 of the Constitution.

Civil Matters: Cases in which the Union, one of its local authorities, foundations or public companies are plaintiffs or defendants, except those involving jurisdiction in electoral or labor matters, bankruptcy or labor accidents; cases involving nationality matters, naturalization, stateless citizens, indigenous rights, as well as those founded on treaties and federal agreements with foreign states or international organizations; cases that concern foreigners’ stay within Brazil's territory.

Tax Enforcement and related matters (declaratory injunction): All federal tax debits.

Federal Small Claims Courts: Issues are limited to sums of up to 60 times the minimum wage (approximately R$ 52,680.00). This is the area in which the Federal Justice of Rio Grande do Norte is demanded the most, where actions can be filed without a lawyer.

Criminal matters: political crimes; crimes against federal property, services or interests; crimes against the organization of labor, the financial system and the economic and financial order; money laundering; international trafficking of drugs, persons, cultural goods and weapons; crimes pertaining to illegal entrance or irregular stay in the country; crimes concerning serious human rights violations; environmental crimes of greater impact.